Li-oxygen Battery: From Open System to Close System

Jun Lu 

Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439

Abstract: To meet the high-energy requirement that can enable the 40-miles electric drive Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEVs), long range electric vehicle (EV) and smart grid, it is necessary to develop very high energy and high power cathodes and anodes that when combined in a battery system must offer 5,000 charge-depleting cycles, 15 years calendar life as well as excellent safety characteristics. These challenging requirements make it difficult for conventional cathode materials to be adopted in P-HEVs and EVs. Metal-air batteries, specifically Li-air battery, have large theoretical energy density about 2-10 times higher than those of lithium-ion batteries, and are frequently advocated as the solution toward next-generation electrochemical energy storage for applications including electric vehicles or grid energy storage. In this talk, we summarize the recent discovery on developing the Li-O2 battery, particularly highlighting the strategy how to move this system from an open to a close configuration.

Biography: Dr. Jun Lu is a chemist at Argonne National Laboratory. His research interests focus on the electrochemical energy storage and conversion technology, with main focus on beyond Li-ion battery technology. Dr. Lu earned his bachelor degree in Chemistry Physics from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) in 2000. He completed his Ph.D. from the Department of Metallurgical Engineering at University of Utah in 2009 with a major research on metal hydrides for reversible hydrogen storage application. He is the awardee of the first DOE-EERE postdoctoral fellow under Vehicles Technology Program from 2011-2013. He is also the first awardee of IAOEES Award for Research Excellence in Electrochemistry Energy in 2016. He is the associate editor of ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. Dr. Lu has authored/co-authored more than 200 peer-reviewed research articles, including Nature; Nature Energy, Nature Nanotechnology; Chem. Rev.; Nature Commun.; JACS; etc, and has filed over 20 patents and patent applications.